Author: Anirudh Krishnan
Editor: Riya Singh Rathore
This paper aims to provide an overview of the Green Grids Initiative, focusing on the implementation, benefits, and drawbacks of the initiative in India. It introduces COP26 as a concept and the various agreements in the energy sector, followed by the history and the goals of the initiative, the implementation of the initiative, and the challenges and opportunities of the initiative with India as the focus. The piece concludes with suggestions on issues that need to be addressed before the initiative is implemented properly.
Keywords: Energy transition, solar energy, interconnectivity, solar energy infrastructure, emissions
INTRODUCTION: Taking off from COP26
The United Nations Climate Change Conference [COP26] in Glasgow saw the participation of over 120 world leaders, 40,000 registered participants, 22,744 political party members, 14,000 observers, and over 3,800 media representatives. This UK-Italy led conference promoted discussions on climate change issues and solutions which resulted in the Glasgow Climate Pact (United Nations, n.d.). The pact includes commitments to strengthen efforts to build climate resilience and curb the emission of greenhouse gases.
The conference called for participation from nations to accelerate their transition from coal and fossil fuels to clean power. This was significant since the energy sector accounts for more than a quarter of global greenhouse gas emissions. Suggestions proposed that developed countries and developing countries phase out coal by 2030 and 2040, respectively, and urged nations to cease the construction of new thermal power plants (UN Climate Change Conference, n.d.).